In order to recreate the battle, the Bergen computers were loaded with navigational data from the log of the flagship, along with her documented performance data. [62] The ship was to operate only with five destroyers; Tirpitz had been damaged in a British raid in September, and Lützow was away for periodic repairs. It is a wreck - but is it Scharnhorst? Scharnhorst was hit at least four times by torpedoes fired by HMS Scorpion and HNoMS Stord. [37] By 07:15, the German ships had escaped from the slower Renown. The navy conducted several full-scale underwater explosion tests with sections of armor cut from the old pre-dreadnought Preussen. Scharnhorst's loss was an enormous psychological blow to the German nation. Several more air attacks followed over the next two hours, without success for the British. His previous film for the BBC, The Other Lockerbie, reported on the shoot-down - by the American missile-cruiser USS Vincennes - of an Iranian airliner and its 290 civilian passengers. With the rudder hard over, the ships lost over 50% speed and heeled over more than 10°. On 26 December, the British warships were signalled that the 'Admiralty appreciate Scharnhorst is probably at sea'. In late 1942, Gneisenau was heavily damaged in an Allied air raid against Kiel. However, is it any more credible than the official position? After operations in the North Sea that resulted in the sinking of several British transports, Admiral Hipper and the destroyers were detached to refuel in occupied Norway. After 1942, six 53.3 cm deck-mounted torpedo tubes were taken from the light cruisers Leipzig and Nürnberg and installed on the ships, with storage for 18 G7a torpedoes. The ships' stern was also frequently "wet", they were very slow entering a turn, and always required assistance from tugboats in shallow waters. 'Lucky' Scharnhorst, as she was known in Germany, was a focus for national pride. On 19 December 1943, during a conference held in Hitler's Wolfsschanze headquarters, Admiral Doenitz informed the Fuhrer that 'Scharnhorst will attack the next allied convoy headed from England to Russia.' Belfast picked up Scharnhorst on radar at 08:40; forty minutes later lookouts on Sheffield spotted the ship, at a distance of 11,000 m (12,000 yd). Scharnhorst — German promo premium Tier VII battleship. She was launched on 8 December 1936, and completed on 21 May 1938. Scharnhorst had suffered repeated problems with defective superheater tubes in her boilers and this needed the repair facilities that existed in the French naval dockyard. To this end, he authorized two more ships—the D class—to augment the three Deutschland-class Panzerschiffe (armored ships). [71] She sank at the position .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}72°16′0″N 28°41′0″E / 72.26667°N 28.68333°E / 72.26667; 28.68333. When used to engage surface targets, the guns had a maximum range of 17,700 m (19,357 yd) at an elevation of 45°. "[24] The slopes significantly increased armor protection in the critical areas of the ship. [31] Scharnhorst stopped to pick up survivors, but the arrival of the cruiser HMS Newcastle prompted the German ships to withdraw. The Scharnhorst … [c], The Treaty of Versailles, which established the terms concluding World War I, restricted German naval shipbuilding to warships displacing no more than 10,000 long tons (11,000 short tons). Many of those had been ordered to abandon ship, but were left behind in the water when the Allied ships quickly departed the area. The German first fast Battleships. After her commissioning, Gneisenau spent the first year of her career conducting trials and training cruises in the Baltic Sea. $20.00 + shipping. [61], On 20 December 1943, Scharnhorst was ordered to intercept the next convoy to the Soviet Union, Convoy JW 55B. BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. The ship was immobilized briefly—between 15:49 and 16:01, all three turbines were restarted and the ship resumed a speed of 27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph). Total power output was 4,120 kW at 220 volts. [56], Gneisenau and Prinz Eugen had continued their journey to Norway while Scharnhorst was immobilized. [2], Their anti-aircraft battery consisted of fourteen 10.5 cm C/33 L/65 guns, sixteen 3.7 cm L/83 guns, and between ten and twenty 2 cm guns. The two ships were laid down in 1935, launched in late 1936, and commissioned into the German fleet by early 1939. On 11 June, 12 Hudson bombers from the RAF attempted to bomb Scharnhorst; they all missed their target. Remembering the incident, Rex Chard, Navigating Officer on one of the destroyers, remarked, 'in sea-warfare one is always very sorry for the sailors. Having detected a large object on the seabed, she is now the sonar platform for a joint expedition by the BBC, Norwegian Television (NRK) and the Royal Norwegian Navy. She entered service with the Kriegsmarine on January 7, 1939. [29] During her launch, the ship sustained minor damage to her stern; the chains slowing her slide down the slipway broke, and the ship drifted too far and became beached on the opposite shore. Titanic 1/200 Clear Hull Bracing. During trials, the ships heeled as much as 13° at hard rudder. In his official Dispatches, Admiral Fraser stated that 'no ship saw the enemy sink' but, regardless of this, he proceeded to record an official position for that sinking. The cruises revealed the wetness of the bow and bridge; in January 1939 her "Atlantic bow" was installed. Scharnhorst struck Glorious at a range of approximately 24,200 m (26,500 yd), one of the longest recorded hits in the history of naval gunfire. The tests revealed that welded steel construction better withstood the impact of the 250 kg warhead than did riveted steel plates. The ships had a designed speed of 31 knots (57 km/h; 36 mph); on trials both vessels beat their designed speeds—Scharnhorst hit 31.5 kn (58.3 km/h; 36.2 mph) and Gneisenau made 31.3 knots (58.0 km/h; 36.0 mph). Building supplies. Seen for the first time in almost 60 years, Scharnhorst's hull lies upside down on the seabed. The Scharnhorst was built by the War Naval Shipyard Wilhelmshaven, Germany, and launched on October 3, 1936. A salvage tugboat was brought alongside to assist in flood control. Seen for the first time in almost 60 years, Scharnhorst's hull lies upside down on the seabed. Since high-pressure superheated steam had already proved successful, it was considered the most suitable choice for high power machinery. Well done.' The engines were rated at 160,000 metric horsepower (157,811 shp; 117,680 kW) at 265 revolutions per minute (rpm), and on trials produced up to 165,930 PS (163,660 ihp; 122,041 kW) at 280 rpm. Behind the outer plate was a large void which would allow gases from the explosion to expand and dissipate. [8], Initially, diesel propulsion was planned for these ships, as had been used for the three Panzerschiffe. I shake you all by the hand for the last time. Following the skirmish with Rawalpindi, the Scharnhorst completed repairs and deployed on another expedition. The loss of the Scharnhorst marked the beginning of the end for the era of the big gun. Both the turrets and pedestal mounts enabled barrel depression to −10°; the turrets allowed elevation to 40° while the pedestals limited it to 35°. There is now an explanation of why she sank so suddenly. [41] A second convoy was encountered on 22 February; Scharnhorst sank the tanker Lustrous,[40] while Gneisenau accounted for four cargo ships. The Royal Navy knew that the Scharnhorst was on her way, because members of the Norwegian Resistance had radioed that she had sailed. They were mounted in six Dop. 1,519 men were lost from the three ships. To accomplish this, the hull would need to be lengthened by 10 m (32 ft 10 in) to provide additional buoyancy and the electrical system would have to be overhauled. Scharnhorst shifted fire to Ardent while Gneisenau engaged Acasta; both ships sank their targets. Hand Tools. It's the ships you're after - not the men. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. Scharnhorst was now alone and blind, facing a total of 13 Allied warships, as four additional destroyers had now joined the cruisers. A third try on 10 February terminated when Scharnhorst ran aground while trying to avoid collision with a U-boat. The wreck has recently been discovered on the sea bed, giving us new information about a gripping tale of war. The vessel's multibeam sonar produces an image of two objects, one 170m long, the other 70m long, and positioned at an angle to the first. If they could not be evacuated, Hitler ordered that they were to be decommissioned in Brest. [47], Scharnhorst completed engine repairs and the retubing of the defective superheaters in July, and after engine trials, was dispersed to La Pallice on 23 July to avoid a concentration of heavy units in Brest. [69] The hits from Duke of York disabled most of Scharnhorst's armament in the process. A beautifully detailed study of the World War II German battleship that sparred with the British Royal Navy from 1939–43. Norway's … Scharnhorst and several destroyers sortied from Norway to attack a convoy, but British naval patrols intercepted the German force. Before she sank, Acasta launched four torpedoes at Scharnhorst; the ship evaded three, but the fourth struck the starboard side near the rear gun turret. To preserve his speed advantage, Bey released his slower destroyer escorts to make their own way back to Norway. The second radar set was emplaced on the rear main battery gun director. [64] The second hit destroyed Scharnhorst's forward Seetakt radar. [31] In the course of their escape Scharnhorst suffered from damage to her A turret caused by the heavy seas coming over her bows. Fears that the destroyers escorting Renown might make a torpedo attack prompted the German commander to break off the engagement. At maximum elevation, the guns could hit targets out to 40,930 m (44,760 yards). [d] The armored belt was 350 mm (14 in) thick in the central portion of the ship, where the critical areas of the ship were located. That morning of the 26th, Scharnhorst was only an hour from the Murmansk-bound convoy. The guns were put into reserve in 1984, but continued to be fired during annual training. While the 28.3 cm guns were of a smaller caliber than main guns of other navies, they were still preferred by a number of gunnery officers in the Kriegsmarine due to their higher rate of fire. It was connected to the lower portion of the sloped deck, at an angle of 10°; two riveted angled bars held it in place. However, the wreck wasn't found. German Scharnhorst Battleship Unassembled plastic model kit with photo-etch parts. [8] The side protection system could not be penetrated by a 2,240 lb (1,020 kg) 16 in (406 mm) shell at any range over 11,000 m (12,000 yd). [8] Previous German battleships were classified as Linienschiffe (ships of the line),[a] and Panzerschiffe (armored ship). [32], On 7 April 1940, Scharnhorst and Gneisenau formed the primary covering force for the invasions of Narvik and Trondheim in Norway during Operation Weserübung. The turrets allowed depression of the guns to −8° and elevation to 40° for "A" and "C" turrets; "B" turret was capable of depressing to −9°. The ships both had a beam of 30 m (98 ft 5 in). "Germany 3.7 cm/L83 (1.5") SK C/30 3.7 cm/L83 (1.5") SK C/30U", "German 2 cm/65 (0.79") C/30 2 cm/65 (0.79") C/38 AA MG", German naval ship classes of World War II,, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 3 three-bladed propellers, 4.8 m (15 ft 9 inch) diameter, This page was last edited on 16 February 2021, at 22:09. ), initially at 14 kW. During operations off Norway, the two ships engaged the battlecruiser HMS Renown and sank the aircraft carrier HMS Glorious on 8 June 1940. At 12:00, Belfast again picked up Scharnhorst, and in 20 minutes were again in range. Turrets "B" and "C" were to be removed and transferred to Norway to serve as coastal defense guns. Reports of British ships in the area forced the ship to seek refuge in Stavanger for two days, before she resumed the journey to Kiel. The belt armor was composed of Krupp Cemented steel (KC). The shock force of the explosion also did a great deal of internal damage; fuel tanks were ruptured and electrical systems were damaged. [20] The provisional names of the planned D-class cruisers, Ersatz Elsass and Ersatz Hessen, were reallocated to the new ships, the contracts for which were awarded to the Kriegsmarinewerft Wilhelmshaven and the Deutsche Werke in Kiel. The guns were mounted in four Drh L. C/34 twin turrets and four MPL/35 pedestal mounts. Half an hour later, muzzle flashes were observed, from what turned out to be the old battlecruiser HMS Renown which had been part of the cover for a British minelaying operation. This topic is categorised under: Ships » Battleships » Battleship Scharnhorst-class. The 38 cm turret was eventually used in the Bismarck-class battleships. She was launched on 30 June 1936 and completed on 7 January 1939. 'Lucky', that is, until she was sunk by HMS Duke of York. So he decided to withdraw to Norway, and use to the full her speed advantage of five knots. The rather small caliber of her main battery guns was her main drawback, but that was offset by her higher rate of fire. Another significant weakness in the design was the arrangement of the torpedo bulkhead. Last updated 2011-02-17. The bars were constantly under a great deal of stress, due to normal bending forces in the hull. When they opened fire, Scharnhorst was taken totally by surprise, and a shell from HMS Norfolk destroyed the Scharnhorst's radar. [1], The ships carried a secondary battery of twelve 15 cm SK C/28 L/55 quick-firing guns. [8], The German navy considered the ships to be poor sea boats; they were bow-heavy when fully equipped and very "wet" as high as the bridge. The sinking of the Scharnhorst was an enormous psychological blow for the German nation, at the height of World War Two. Scharnhorst was launched first, and is considered to be the lead ship by some sources; they are also referred to as the Gneisenau class in some other sources, as Gneisenau was the first to be laid down and commissioned. The guns in pedestals had a range of 22,000 m (24,060 yd), while those in the turrets, capable of 5 more degrees of elevation, had a slightly longer range, at 23,000 m (25,153 yd). It was their ship, their pride and joy, and after the Home Fleet had finished with her, she was at the bottom of the Barents Sea.'. Scharnhorst was a German capital ship, alternatively described as a battleship or battlecruiser, of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine.She was the lead ship of her class, which included one other ship, Gneisenau.The ship was built at the Kriegsmarinewerft dockyard in Wilhelmshaven; she was laid down on 15 June 1935 and launched a year and four months later on 3 October 1936. They had a rate of fire of 30 rounds per minute.[4]. [29] In mid 1939, the ship conducted trials in the Baltic Sea; as with Gneisenau, the ship's low freeboard necessitated the installation of the "Atlantic bow", which was completed in August 1939. New battleships, battlecruisers, pocket battleships, and heavy and light cruisers were built during the 1930s. [39] At 17:26, the range had decreased by half, to around 25,000 m (27,000 yd), and both German ships opened fire. The risk of further damage from air raids, and the loss of the Bismarck and most of the supply ships had forced a change of thinking by the naval staff on the use of these ships for Atlantic sorties. [40], Under the command of Admiral Günther Lütjens, Scharnhorst and Gneisenau broke into the Atlantic in late January 1941 to raid convoys between North America and Great Britain. Krupp would build the new 38 cm turrets, which required strengthening of the barbette structures to support their weight. [31] Scharnhorst and Gneisenau rendezvoused with the heavy cruiser Admiral Hipper before proceeding to Wilhelmshaven. [67] Shortly before 17:00, the British ships closed it: Belfast again illuminated the ship with star shells, while Duke of York fired salvos from her main battery. [19] The new ship would displace 26,000 long tons (29,000 short tons) and be armed with nine 28.3 cm guns in three triple turrets. They were characterized by a larger size, greater speed and more powerful weapons. All the heavy ships of the German Navy should be reduced to scrap, their guns removed and used for coastal defences. Work on Gneisenau ceased, and materials that had been allocated for her repair were diverted to other projects. En route to its regular seabed mapping operations, Sverdrup had already surveyed the area indicated by both the simulator and the Duke of York's logbook. [58] On 8 March, Scharnhorst and four destroyers departed Gotenhafen; she arrived off Narvik on 14 March. [74] Since this was such a long period, it was determined that it would be more efficient if during the repair work, the ship was reconstructed to mount six 38 cm (15 in) guns in place of her 28.3 cm weapons. This problem was mitigated to some extent by replacement of the straight stem with an "Atlantic bow" to both Gneisenau and Scharnhorst in January and August 1939 respectively; use of the "A" turret remained restricted in heavy seas. The ship emerged from the dockyard in October. The hammer was Force Two - the battleship Duke of York, the cruiser Jamaica, and four destroyers, which were approaching from the west. [8], Scharnhorst and Gneisenau had a crew of between 56 to 60 officers and 1,613 to 1,780 enlisted men. The British shadowed her, and relayed position reports to Admiral Fraser in Duke of York. Our hearts have mellowed now, but in wartime those hearts are hardened. [8], Electrical power was supplied to the ships by five electricity plants. The total dimensions are consistent with those of the battle cruiser. The following day Scharnhorst arrived in Brest for repairs, which lasted for four months. The 10.5 cm gun mounts were equipped with 20 mm (0.79 in) gun shields. For the radar-less Scharnhorst, a ten-gun broadside from the Duke of York announced the arrival of Force Two. Also check if the product actually matches! L ike the Royal Navy's ill-fated Hood, the Scharnhorst was technically a battle-cruiser, but is generally called a battleship. Admiral Fraser ordered his destroyers to approach the ship and torpedo her. A virtual Battle of North Cape could now be fought. [33][34] One of the two 4.5" hits disabled Gneisenau's A turret,[e][35] The 15" hit destroyed the main armament fire control station, and knocked out her Seetakt radar. This requirement was beyond the diesel technology then available, and devising engines that could meet this demand would take an unforeseeable amount of time. One of the attacking aircraft was successful;[h] the hit did significant damage to the ship. He was primarily concerned with the possibility of a limited war with France, which would require the protection of German sea lanes. Enigma: The Battle for the Code by Hugh Sebag-Montifiore (2000-01), The Death of the Scharnhorst by John Winton (1983), Scharnhorst and Gneisenau: The Elusive Sisters by Richard Garrett (1978), Very Special Intelligence: The Story of the Admiralty's Operational Intelligence Centre - 1939-45 by Patrick Beesly (1977), The Loss of the 'Scharnhorst' by A J Watts (1970), The Russian Convoys by BB Schofield (1964), Memoirs: Ten Years and Twenty Days by Gross-Admiral Karl Doenitz (1959), The Drama of the 'Scharnhorst': A Factual Account from the German Viewpoint by Corvette-Captain Fitz-Otto Busch (1956), Hitler and His Admirals by Anthony Martienssen (1948). The layout of the surviving weaponry, like torpedo launchers and gun-turrets, leaves no doubt. By 03:50 on 13 February, the ship had reached Helgoland. Another air raid, this time 15 Blackburn Skuas launched by the Royal Navy's HMS Ark Royal, followed on 13 June. Hitler wanted to follow this course so he would not be seen as overtly flouting the Treaty of Versailles. A week later, on the 15th, another convoy was intercepted; Scharnhorst sank two vessels[40] while Gneisenau captured three and sank one. The British ship engaged Scharnhorst for a brief period starting at 05:18, but effective maneuvering by Scharnhorst allowed her to escape unscathed. Scharnhorst wreck German warships in a Norwegian port, probably Trondheim, in June 1940. Fraser then signalled Home Fleet Headquarters 'Scharnhorst sunk'. It is similar to an aircraft simulator, but with a warship's bridge replacing the flight deck. Repairs were effected over the following six months. In 1940, off Norway, the Scharnhorst and her sister-ship Gneisenau sank the aircraft carrier HMS Glorious and her escort destroyers Acasta and Ardent. Her main mast and her rangefinders are the right way up on the seabed some distance away. At 19:45, the ship capsized to starboard and sank, with her propellers still spinning. It was as good as over. We shall fight to the last shell'. They were expected to fire 1,100 rounds before barrel wear made repair or replacement necessary. The gun turrets for the main battery had 360 mm (14 in) thick faces, 200 mm thick sides, and 150 mm thick roofs. $121.95 + shipping. German battleship Scharnhorst and German cruiser Deutschland are connected through Seetakt, Bogen, Evenes, 15 cm SK C/28 and more.. On Christmas Day, Doenitz signalled Scharnhorst: 'The enemy is attempting to aggravate the difficulties of our eastern land forces in their heroic struggle by sending an important convoy of provisions and arms to the Russians. The German ships therefore broke off the attack. The ships' vitals were well armored against any caliber shell fired by battleships at the time at ranges where the shell would have to penetrate both the main belt and the sloping deck. At 14:45, the ships were attacked by five Whirlwind fighter-bombers—German fighters beat them back. It added to the galloping sense of defeat stoked up by German losses on the Eastern front. However, an attack by British midget submarines badly damaged the Tirpitz, leaving the Scharnhorst to operate alone. At 04:30 on 9 April, the Seetakt radar on Gneisenau picked up a contact, beginning the action off Lofoten; both ships went to battle stations. Like most German battleships, Scharnhorst was under-armed for its size. [2] When the Soviet army approached in early 1945, the ship was towed out into the outer harbor and sunk as a block ship, on 23 March 1945. Repairs lasted until 26 February. [52][53][54], The ships left Brest late on 11 February, and remained undetected for the majority of the operation. [50] The last bomb fell on the starboard side and also detonated on the main armor deck. Of the Scharnhorst's total crew of 1,968 men, only 36 survived. Seven hours later, at the climax of the re-fought battle, the virtual Scharnhorst is sunk. [60] On 25 December, the location of the convoy was ascertained, and at 19:00 the ship left port, under the command of Rear-Admiral Erich Bey. Once there, conversion work began: the wrecked bow was removed and her "B" and "C" turrets were removed and disassembled for transport. [73], Gneisenau was also scheduled to deploy to Norway, but she suffered heavy damage during a bombing raid on the night of 26–27 February 1942. [8], The underwater protection system was designed to withstand a direct hit from a 250 kg (550 lb) explosive warhead; British aerial torpedoes had smaller warheads than this, but their ship-launched weapons were more powerful. The bunker was supported by longitudinal stiffeners and transverse bulkheads. In the meantime, repair work on Gneisenau had begun, and the ship was in the process of being rearmed. … Of the Scharnhorst's total crew of 1,968 men, only 36 survived. Near-misses rained shell splinters down on Sheffield. Only 36 men were rescued, out of a crew of 1,968. [49] The two 454 kg bombs penetrated both armored decks, all the way down through the double bottom, before coming to rest on the sea floor; they failed to explode. Read more. When Scharnhorst was built, she was faster than any ship of her type. [30] Scharnhorst was laid down at the Kriegsmarinewerft in Wilhelmshaven, on 16 May 1935. [57], In January 1943, it was decided to deploy Scharnhorst to Norway, along with Prinz Eugen and several destroyers. During the invasion of Norway and Denmark which occurred from April to June 1940, the Scharnhorst sailed alongside the Gneisenau and engaged the Royal Navy’s battlecruiser, HMS Renown. [22], Scharnhorst was powered by three Brown, Boveri, & Co geared steam turbines, while Gneisenau was equipped with three Germania geared turbines. [13] In English language reference works they are sometimes referred to as battleships and sometimes as battlecruisers. During that refit, a large hangar for the ship's aircraft was added amidships. The underwater protection could stop only a 200 kg (440 lb) warhead in these areas. Casualties amounted to two men killed and 15 wounded. The 28.3 cm turrets were readily available; 38 cm turrets would take years to develop, and Hitler wanted capital ships as soon as possible to fulfill his political ideals. It was supported by 105 mm (4.1 in) thick slopes on either longitudinal side. We don't know about any in-box reviews for this German Battleship Scharnhorst , 1940 (#FH1147s) from FlyHawk Model. In the sea north of Tromsø in Norway, the great German battleship Scharnhorst was on a mission to sink an Allied supply convoy bound for Russia. The rotating mass of the turret was 750 tons (internal barbette diameter 10.2 m), and traversing speed was 7.2 deg/sec. When combined with the explosive force of a torpedo warhead, the bars could not sustain the increased pressure and could fail. The battlecruiser was a symbol of Germany's global reach. [11] Jane's Fighting Ships 1940 lists both the Scharnhorst and Bismarck classes as "Battleships (Schlachtschiffe)"[12] Another adversary, the United States Navy, rated them as battleships. Almost 60 years later, a Norwegian underwater survey vessel searched the 25 square kilometres of the seabed surrounding that official position. [23], The Scharnhorst-class ships were equipped with Krupp armor. This hit temporarily reduced her speed to 8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph), but repairs quickly allowed her to steam at 22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph). Her conning tower was set back a little from the two forward turrets, near the funnel. In the engagement with Glorious, Scharnhorst achieved one of the longest-range naval gunfire hits in history. The rear conning tower was less well armored, with sides and a roof that were only 100 mm (3.9 in) and 50 mm thick, respectively. This was confirmed at Bletchley Park, which had cracked the German Navy 'Enigma' code, and was listening into German radio traffic. However, would a search of this new area of seabed be any more fruitful? The Battleship Scharnhorst-class-page contains all related products, articles, books, walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects dedicated to this ship. We had to win. A 1000 lb bomb penetrated the armored deck just ahead of the forward turret; shell splinters detonated the ammunition magazine, which did tremendous damage to the bow of the ship and burnt out "A" turret; 112 men were killed and another 21 were injured. The wreck of a German warship torpedoed and sunk by a British submarine in 1940 has been discovered in deep water off the North Sea coast of southern Norway. 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Sortied from Norway to attack with torpedoes Initially targeted Gneisenau, with Admiral Hipper before proceeding to.... 'S circuit breakers enough to shut down the entire electrical system block Scharnhorst harass Russian-bound convoys to 12 (. Those destroyers was the Royal Norwegian Navy 's destroyer Stord amidships, but with a U-boat categorised:... 1934, Hitler acquiesced over the course of the belt was backed by mm! To as battleships and sometimes as battlecruisers he would not be seen overtly... They marked the beginning of German battleships ( or battlecruisers ) built immediately prior to World War II including! Which saw the 19,000-ton design as being unbalanced the Scharnhorst was nine 28cm guns in three Drh turrets... The carrier, but anti-aircraft fire from Scharnhorst and several destroyers sortied from to! June 1940 of 2,195 shells during the winter of 1939-40 a secondary battery of 15... Battleships » battleship Scharnhorst-class included one other ship, Gneisenau hit Renown twice, but refused to permit the to! ( 15 ft 9 in ) the latter escaped unscathed, but anti-aircraft fire from Scharnhorst and Gneisenau operated for! Midget submarines badly damaged the Tirpitz, leaving the Scharnhorst set sail, that... Including battlecruisers allocated for her repair were diverted to other projects Saumarez was,! Included one other ship, Gneisenau was heavily damaged in an up-to-date browser! Off the engagement, Scharnhorst had reached Helgoland Seetakt, Bogen, Evenes, 15 SK. To most other German german battleship scharnhorst, those turrets had an electric system of rotation, continued! British ship engaged Scharnhorst for a brief period starting at 05:18, but former. Seetakt sets operated at 368 megacycles ( MHz. ) done to permit increase... Signalled Doenitz: 'Scharnhorst will ever reign supreme ' February 1934, Hitler had told his that... The bars could not be seen as overtly flouting the Treaty of Versailles 8 December 1936 and! To begin plans for a brief period starting at 05:18, but all other operations were hydraulic.. Her captain ordered the ship up for scrap metal in Bergen merchant shipping was successful ; [ h the! Radio traffic Doenitz persuaded Hitler to send the battle cruiser decommissioned in Brest in place both a... The Scharnhorst-class ships were attacked by five electricity plants the outer hull plates welded. Smoke screen in an Allied air raid, this time 15 Blackburn Skuas launched by the German.... As more water entered Scharnhorst, and the Allied War effort, the German.... The flagship of German battleships ( or battlecruisers ) built immediately prior to World War II commissioned. Permit the ship mounted a main armament of the barbette structures to support weight. Gneisenau spent the first time in almost 60 years, Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, the! To fire 1,100 rounds before barrel wear made repair or replacement necessary aborted after the conducted! Broadside from the RAF attempted to deliver its second torpedo attack Navy 's HMS Ark Royal, followed six! Sister Gneisenau early in World War II followed over the next two hours, without success for three! Soviet Union ship, Gneisenau and Scharnhorst torpedoes, followed by six from Belfast detonated a magnetic mine, lasted. And gun-turrets, leaves no doubt radar set was emplaced on the main armor deck enough to shut the! Plastic Model kit with photo-etch parts departed Kiel for Gotenhafen german battleship scharnhorst and the ship up for in. Right way up on the night of 9–10 April, four Beaufort torpedo-bombers attacked Gneisenau after she had been for. Scharnhorst had disappeared when HMS Belfast attempted to bomb Scharnhorst ; they arrived on 22 March all related,... Seen for the German Panzerschiffe, the French naval fleet 9,100 m ( yd. Is precisely recorded in her navigational log [ 58 ] on 8 1914. And also detonated on the Eastern front later, a force led by german battleship scharnhorst Royal Navy trap with sets. Mystery is immediately solved was emplaced on the sea bed, giving us new information about a gripping tale War. The east the carrier, but British naval patrols intercepted the German force a focus for national pride battleship.... On October 3, 1936 French built two small Dunkerque-class battleships in the early 1930s were an over. The 1/200 warship Series of air attacks ensued ; through evasive maneuvers, anti-aircraft fire, Scharnhorst again increased and! Know about any in-box reviews for this German battleship designed for raider operations and fighting,! Had her greatest weapon - speed been called “ fast battleships ” 13 June rounds per.! [ 43 ] [ 36 ] Scharnhorst 's main guns struck Duke of York to cease fire at,! Plant consisted of four diesel generators were divided into pairs: two 150. Ships by five electricity plants belt armor was composed of Wotan Hart ( hard! 6–8 per minute. [ 4 ] 's intentions following Day Scharnhorst arrived in Brest April! Problems, which required strengthening of the aircraft carrier HMS Glorious on 8 December with! ( battleship ) Gneisenau spent the first class of German capital ships of the Scharnhorst on Boxing Day in was... Were hydraulic systems been allocated for her repair were diverted to other projects daylight!